Zero Waste Theory in eco-lodges

تئوری ضایعات صفر

The eco-lodges around the world are trying to not produce garbage. Preventing the entry of unrecoverable materials into the areas of eco-lodges is the first principle.

Another issue is that all consumables must be able to be recycled and reused. The people of Japan believe in a term called MOTTAINAI; a concept that helps defines the people of Japan and its industry.

Everything is a blessing from the Creator. We must be grateful and do not waste anything in vain. To waste everything is a crime.

In Gileboom, we have recycled 70% of dry waste, and all wet waste is recycled and converted to vermicompost or worm compost. Now, there is no other choice but to prevent the entry of unrecoverable waste.

All guests and travel agencies are kindly requested not to use disposable plastic containers or plastic bags as much as possible. And since there is only a glass melting plant in Rasht, drinks packed in glass bottles must not . . . . Sorry, many negative verbs were used! Be kind to nature.

Here are some examples of dry waste recycling in Gileboom:

  1. We used empty bottled for sealing and silencing in the corners of gables. You can put plastic bags in between them to make them more compact. For a better view, cover the vista with waste fabrics and boxes of eggs or clay (straw and mud).
  1. We replaced the bottles for diluted yogurt with metal containers. Each 4-liter container is equivalent to two plastic bottles. Consider that on the holidays and busy weekends of Gileboom, a maximum of ten bottles are consumed and this is a story for a week! Usually milk is also poured into a plastic bag. We have a container for milk as well.
Replacing Dough Plastic Bottle with Metal Container

Replacing Dough Plastic Bottle with Metal Container

3.Plastic linings are threaded and used in combination with straw and mud in order to insulate the walls.

Other samples of reusing inorganic waste:

Eco Kolbe

Eco Kolbe

Eco Kolbe is a cottage made of mud and wood in the yard of Gileboom, which has been built in the architectural style of 50 years ago.

One European style toilet with bathroom (all private) is provided in eco Kolbe.

The cottage is equipped with a traditional fireplace and an electric heater (for very cold winter days) and a fan for summers.

Eco-Kolbe has capacity for 4 guests, including 3 traditional style beds and extra coverlet and mattress for the 4th guest.

Steps of renovating eco Kolbe is as follows:

Steps of renovating eco Kolbe

Steps of renovating eco Kolbe

Gileboom is an ecolodge in Gilan province which is located by the Caspian Sea (also called Khazar) and only 20 minutes away from the Hyrcanian jungle.


Rasht, the capital city of Guilan province, joined UNESCO creative cities of gastronomy network.

Not only foods of village where is surrounding Gileboom inherit their taste and smell from Rasht cuisines, but also this region has its own gastronomy (is the study of the relationship between food and culture, art of preparing and serving rich or delicate and appetizing food, a style of cooking of particular region, and the science of good eating [Wikipedia]).

Ghasem Abad’s songs and music

Ghasem Abad’s songs and music are famous in Iran.

Ghasem Abadi dance is inspired by farming tasks performed during rice plantation, harvest, and tea harvesting. This dance is often performed in weddings and festivals.

This ceremony is held in local people’s house of Ghasem Abad village, Gileboom should obtain permission to take part in the ceremony.

Tree house, Konduj

Konduj Classic Rice Warerhouse, Modern Terrace

Konduj is the warehouse of rice stems. The warehouse is located on four wooden and polygon pillars that are usually rounded down at the bottom. There are some round and thick woods like the wheels of a car, but solid and smooth, on the pillars. They are called ratter; a simple but excellent technique to fend a mouse.

The konduj of Gileboom is eighty-three years old and is now considered as the oldest construction of it. It was standing silent for a long time in a house next to the crossroad “Chale-Sara”. This konduj, with a four-sided roof, was filled of the tools for agriculture, as it used more heat from the sun. Radiation of heat from the ceiling into the konduj heated it. The wooden and thatched walls did not let the heat out. In this way, immature rice became ripe as well.

We were informed that some people wanted to destroy and sell it to a coal plant. There should be no hesitation, so we sat off. We numbered its components, separated and brought them with a pickup truck to Gileboom. It would be interesting if time went back and we would become a student for the konduj-maker.

We lubricated the usable woods frequently. In the first year, we raised the main pillars and columns up with the help of the village’s hero, Mr. Mojtaba. Then we covered them with thick linens so that the rain would not ruin them.

In the winter 2016, we implemented its ceiling – not as a four-sided ceiling but as a two-sided one – to keep it cooler and have enough space to stand. We just used the titled woods for the walls and covered the floor with the wooden boards, so that the air would draft well unlike the previous status.

Now it has turned into a tree house where kids can play and sometimes it is a place to sleep or a private room for guests.

Rice Doll (Warzamoshte)


The Gilaks used to roll up the last harvested bundle of rice straw and hang it on one of the pillars in the terrace. They believed it would bless their rice fields.

The name of this rice bundle is warzamoshte, meaning the fist of rice straw which was harvested with the help of a cow.

Mrs. Houri decorates this bundle as a female doll with a golden skirt.

She is from Nahavand. This doll was originally made with wheat straws and its name was wheat doll. Houri has been living in Ghasem-Abad (eastern Guilan village) since many years and uses rice straws to make this doll, which is also called as the rice doll.

This doll has been produced in cooperation with the Puppet and Toy Museum of Kashan.

Mrs Houri and Warzamoshte

Mrs Houri and Warzamoshte

Vermicompost Worms

کرم کمپوست

From the outset, we knew red worms are abundant in the soil of Gileboom. These worms eat lots of things. What they create is as valuable as honey made by a honeybee. Like cattle manure, this has no seeds, so farmers and gardeners are not involved in pruning weeds.

Organic wastes, including vegetable residue, fruits and potato peels, papers and tissue papers, cartons and three leaves, are a good food for these worms.

The maximum efficacy of these worms is at a temperature between 16 and 22˚ C.

We dug some pits in the courtyards behind the house, pouring garbage into it and then dropping a layer of soil on it. We also use rice husks or straw and, of course, sea sand to cover the garbage. Rise husks and sands are needed to retain moisture and for better digestions of garbage in the digestive system of worms, respectively. The worms get good fertilizer for six months.

The fertilizers are poured onto trees. Compost is pale black and sometimes dark gray.

Chadorshab Weaving

Chadorshab Weaving

Goal: In this workshop, the participants learn about Chadorshab weaving techniques, designs and motifs, and the weaving machine known as Pachal.

The Program:

The master Chadorshab weaver explains about the weaving techniques while simultaneously demonstrating them on the Pachal machine. She also explains about the textile weaving motifs and their interpretations.

Required Tools and Raw Materials:

Threads as the raw material, Pachal machine and its parts.

Designs, Motifs and Their Philosophy:

Chadorshab patterns often include sea-flower or carpet-flower, chehel-cheragh (chandelier), tree, comb, sea-wave reflection or light from the sea.

Chadorshab Products:

Floor mat, blanket, tablecloth, chair cover, curtain, dress, wedding podium decoration, wearing around the waist, table runner, bedspread and in small pieces used for making handbags and purses, dolls, pencil cases, etc.

Manual Tea Processing

تهیه چای دستی

Goal: Learning about the tea plant and Manual-processing of tea leaves

Best time: From May to November

Training process:

Manual preparation of black tea is practiced in Gileboom’s tea garden. After learning about the tea plant, the process of picking the tea leaves, sorting, washing and rubbing or rolling them are explained.

Guests do every step of tea processing in teamwork with help from the instructor. After fermenting and drying the rolled tea leaves, the prepared tea is brewed and served to the guests.

Required tools and materials: Tea leaves, basket, strainer, big tray, gloves, cleaning cloth, oven

Products: Black tea and green tea

Tea Processing

Tea Processing


Mat Weaving

Goal: Learning how to weave a mat

The Program:

The guests in Gileboom get acquainted with three-curl- and four-curl-knitted mats and practice it. The method of weaving small ground mats will also be taught in group.

This work is done with the recycled fibers cut from plastic bottles. Then we go to a mat-weaving home workshop to become acquainted with the method of sewing, shaping and producing goods under the supervision of a tutor.

Required Tools and Raw Materials: Plastic tapes, jute twine, wooden handles

Different Types of Products: Tablecloths, baskets, hats, ground cloths, bags, pot baskets (baskets for pots), ropes



Goal: Making wooden appliances and wood tools.

In the joinery workshop, the guests make home appliances such as decorative mirrors, chandeliers, clothes hangers, tissue boxes, pencil cases, wooden spoons, various boards and two-dimensional shapes of birds and animals at a group work with a combination of recycled materials and new ones.

The Program:

The separated pieces for each of the aforementioned devices and the model made will be displayed. The guests will be busy making the model using joinery tools and a variety of woods.

Innovation in making a model or optimization in building things will be practiced interacting with each other.

Required Tools and Raw Materials:

Wood saws, hammers, nails, woods, wood glue, clamp, gloves, workbench, meter, files and grinder will be provided to the guests.

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